Using Hardhat

How to deploy a sample smart contract with Hardhat on Mode

This tutorial will guide you through the process of deploying a smart contract on Mode's Ethereum L2 using Hardhat and TypeScript.

Prerequisites

  • Node.js and npm: Ensure both are installed. Download here.

  • Ethereum Wallet: A private key for the Mode Testnet that has testnet ETH. You can follow Bridging to Mode Testnet to get some or go to Testnet Faucets. We recommend using a new wallet without real funds in case the PK gets compromised.

  • Solidity and CLI knowledge: A little knowledge is always helpful to follow along but it's not mandatory!

What you'll accomplish

  • Initialize a TypeScript-based Hardhat project.

  • Craft a basic Ethereum smart contract.

  • Set up Hardhat for Mode Testnet deployment.

  • Deploy your smart contract on Mode.

1. Initialize a Hardhat TypeScript project

Open your terminal and create a new directory for your project, then navigate into it:

mkdir my-hardhat-project && cd my-hardhat-project

Initialize an npm project:

npm init -y

Install the necessary packages for Hardhat and TypeScript:

npm install --save-dev hardhat ts-node typescript @nomiclabs/hardhat-ethers ethers

Start a new Hardhat project with TypeScript:

npx hardhat init

When prompted, make the following selections:

  • Choose "Create a TypeScript project".

  • For the .gitignore prompt, select "Yes" (or y).

  • For installing the projects dependencies select "Yes" (or y).

[~/Mode/my-hardhat-project]$ npx hardhat

888    888                      888 888               888
888    888                      888 888               888
888    888                      888 888               888
8888888888  8888b.  888d888 .d88888 88888b.   8888b.  888888
888    888      88b 888P   d88  888 888  88b      88b 888
888    888 .d888888 888    888  888 888  888 .d888888 888
888    888 888  888 888    Y88b 888 888  888 888  888 Y88b.
888    888  Y888888 888      Y88888 888  888  Y888888  Y888

๐Ÿ‘ท Welcome to Hardhat v2.18.2 ๐Ÿ‘ทโ€

โœ” What do you want to do? ยท Create a TypeScript project
โœ” Hardhat project root: ยท /Users/Mode/my-hardhat-project
โœ” Do you want to add a .gitignore? (Y/n) ยท y
โœ” Do you want to install this sample project's dependencies with npm (@nomicfoundation/hardhat-toolbox)? (Y/n) ยท y

2. Drafting the Smart Contract

In the contracts directory, delete the sample smart contract Lock.sol and then create a new file named HelloWorld.sol:

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

contract HelloWorld {
    string public greet = "Hello, Mode!";

    function setGreet(string memory _greet) public {
        greet = _greet;
    }

    function getGreet() public view returns (string memory) {
        return greet;
    }
}

3. Configuring Harhdat for Mode

Edit the hardhat.config.ts file to include Mode Testnet settings:

import "@nomiclabs/hardhat-ethers";

import { HardhatUserConfig } from "hardhat/config";

const config: HardhatUserConfig = {
  networks: {
    mode: {
      url: "https://sepolia.mode.network",
      chainId: 919,
      accounts: ["YOUR_PRIVATE_KEY_HERE"] //BE VERY CAREFUL, DO NOT PUSH THIS TO GITHUB
    }
  },
  solidity: "0.8.0",
};

export default config;

Replace YOUR_PRIVATE_KEY_HERE with your Mode Testnet private key.

IMPORTANT: Do not push your hardhat.config.ts file to github nor share your private key with anyone. It is a very common mistake to push your PK to github so make sure that in the .gitignore you add the hardhat.config.ts

4. Compilation

Compile the smart contract:

npx hardhat compile

5. Deployment

In the scripts directory, create a new file named deploy.ts:

import { ethers } from "hardhat";

async function main() {
    const HelloWorld = await ethers.getContractFactory("HelloWorld");
    const gasPrice = ethers.utils.parseUnits('10', 'gwei'); // Adjust the '10' as needed
    const gasLimit = 500000; // Adjust this value based on your needs
    const helloWorld = await HelloWorld.deploy({ gasPrice: gasPrice, gasLimit: gasLimit });
    await helloWorld.deployed();
    console.log("HelloWorld deployed to:", helloWorld.address);
}

main()
  .then(() => process.exit(0))
  .catch(error => {
    console.error(error);
    process.exit(1);
  });

If you get any gas related issues you will need to check what's the best gasPrice and gasLimit, you can find some info about the state of the chain in BlockScout

Deploy the smart contract to the Mode Testnet:

npx hardhat run scripts/deploy.ts --network mode

6. Check your contract in a block explorer

Verify your smart contract's deployment on the Mode Testnet block explorer: https://sepolia.explorer.mode.network/. Input the contract address from the console to view its details.

7. Conclusion

Congratulations! You've successfully deployed a smart contract on the Mode Testnet using Hardhat and TypeScript. To learn more about Mode and how to turn your code into a business, join our Discord and say hello ๐Ÿ‘‹

If you want the next challenge, you can try registering a contract for the SFS following this guide: SFS - Registering a contract with Remix

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